How can I prevent and control dizziness? – Know how to live

woman facing dizziness

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Knowing what causes dizziness helps you to prevent and control them

That uncomfortable feeling that everything revolves around you, that at any moment you are going to fall, can respond to different causes. Identify if it is vertigo or dizziness to fight them effectively.

In the event that it has ever happened to you, you will have already realized that this phenomenon, called vertigo, is not exactly the same as the fear of heights, and unlike this it can happen almost anywhere, whether or not a precipice near; that is why it is capable of causing significant discomfort, especially when it appears with certain frequency at inopportune moments.

If you think that you suffer from vertigo too often, in this article we will explain what happens to you and how to avoid it.


To know if what happens to you is vertigo, and not other problems that can be confused with this problem, such as certain alterations in vision or simple dizziness, see if in your case the following symptoms are present:

Distinguish between vertigo and dizziness

In dizziness, several sensations can be experienced: faintness, faintness, instability, lightheadedness, discomfort, and nausea. On the other hand, when what happens is vertigo, the main sensation is the false self-movement or the objects that surround you (vertigo) and the consequent loss of balance. However, the usual situation is that the vertigo is present next to dizziness.

Distinguish between vertigo and vision problems

Vertigo does not have to produce vision problems, although sometimes the alterations that are behind the appearance of one also facilitate the appearance of the other. So, when you have vertigo it seems that everything around us is wobbling, but the possible difficulties in recognizing what is nearby are derived from that constant movement, not from a loss of detail of what is happening. it looks (what we see does not happen to be blurred).

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Inside the brain, there is a kind of “central computer” connected with the eyes and with the inner ear to know at all times in what position you are: standing, with one foot, raised, in a reclined position, etc. When this connection is altered is when dizziness and dizziness appear. This allows the visual data that enters your eyes and the information related to the position of the body itself with respect to the axis of gravity to mix and give rise to a wrong feeling of body position.

The brain is wrong to interpret what it receives through the eyes together with the position signals of the body itself

Now, as for the alterations that produce this phenomenon, they can be varied. In fact, there are different types of vertigo according to their causes. They are the following:

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  1. Central vertigo

This type of vertigo is the least frequent and occurs as a result of serious diseases such as strokes or tumors that affect the brain.

  1. Peripheral vertigo

Peripheral vertigo is more common than the previous type, and behind its appearance, it is normal that there are disorders that mainly affect the ear, although it can also be caused by trauma to the head or pressure differences.

  1. Positional vertigo

Positional vertigo is the most common and is due to the formation of stones called “otoliths” in an area of the ear. The dizziness is triggered by the movements of the head and episodes of dizziness appear very abrupt but of short duration.

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Among the causes of dizziness sometimes there are especially striking stimuli, such as seeing blood or feeling a very intense pain, which can cause a sudden sensation of loss of consciousness that lasts a few seconds. It can also be due to other factors such as the following:

  • Lower glucose
  • Low tension.
  • Anemia.
  • Excess of heat
  • Ear or sight problem.
  • Anxiety.

Dizziness can be. If blood (which is the substance responsible for transporting oxygen) does not reach the brain correctly, this symptom can be perceived, since the brain needs to be constantly receiving large amounts of oxygen to function and, given the shortage of it, are prioritized other essential functions to keep us alive. When there is a drop in blood pressure, arrhythmias or some other heart problem, it can happen.


It is not usual, but it can happen. What happens is that the vertebral artery is compressed by moving the neck, which causes a lack of transient irrigation. When that happens, the symptoms resemble dizziness rather than dizziness, since with the latter the cervical problems do not really have as much relation.



What you have to find is the specific cause that causes it to treat it directly. Faced with a vertigo crisis, the doctor may recommend some medication or physiotherapy exercises that consist of head and eye movements.

Physiotherapy can help with controlled movements of the head and eyes

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In this sense, a resource known as the Epley maneuver can be used, performed by a specialist who will place your head in certain positions so that your body will readjust your sense of balance.

In addition, on your own, you can take measures that allow you to better cope with vertigo or associated dizziness, although they cannot replace medical care. When you notice that vertigo or dizziness suddenly appears, keep these guidelines in mind:

  • If you feel great instability lie on the bed or the sofa.
  • If you notice that everything turns, do not stretch, because it would aggravate it. Sit and try to look at a distant point.
  • If you are on the street look for a shady place to sit.
  • Sometimes taking a citrus fruit (lemon, orange, and tangerine) relieves the discomfort.
  • Hydration is important in lightheadedness that causes some fading.

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